A celebrated method invented by Joseph-Marie Jacquard of Lyons, France, at the beginning of the 19th Century, and so named for producing, elaborate cloth weaves in the loom by the substitution of perforated strips of cardboard punched according to intricate design for the ordinary and restricted number of heddle frames and pattern chains. These perforations, in connection with rods and cords, regulate the raising of stationary warp thread mechanisms. The jacquard motion revolutionized the weaving industry and while of limited importance in the fabrication of men’s wear, it plays a very prominent part in modern tapestry, brocade, rocatelle, adamask, and figured dress—goods production.
Jacquard patterns are found in all the major textile fiber fabrics. Cotton and linen jacquard designs are much used in table cloths and napkins.